Posts Tagged ‘ pronouns ’

(#8) Plural of pronouns / 们

I am sure you still remember 我 wo3ni3ta1ta1. Now I am going to introduce how to make them into plural forms. In english you would say ‘we’, ‘us’, ‘they’ and ‘them’, in chinese we just add a 们 men2 to the 我, 你, 他, 她 to make them into plurals.

However one point to note that it doesn’t need a certain number of pax to be able to apply this word. Even if there is only 2 persons, it is perfectly alright to use 们 men2.

wo3 men2 we, us
ni3 men2 (no direct english translation, so I will call this ‘you guys’)
ta1 men2 they (used for 2 men or more; also used generally if it is a mixed gender group)
ta1 men2 they (used for 2 women or more)

You can also add 们 men2 to other nouns, such as to say express more than one friend, as 朋友 peng2 you3 men2, or children 小孩 xiao3 hai2 men2.

是学生 wo3 men2 shi4 xue2 sheng1 we are students
小孩很可爱! xiao3 hai2 men2 hen3 ke3 ai4! the children are very cute!
去逛街 ta1 men2 qu4 guang4 jie1 they (women) went shopping.
为什么是我?! wei4 shen2 me4 shi4 wo3 men2?! why us?!

New Vocabulary

  • 小孩 xiao3 hai2: children
  • qu4 go
  • 逛街 guang4 jie1 shopping
  • 为什么 wei4 shen2 me4 why

(#1) I, you, he, she / 我,你,他,她

Let’s begin with identifying

wo3: I, me
ni3: you
ta1: he, him
ta1: she, her

Chinese is similar to English in terms of the word orders, and we constantly use the pronouns too. But instead of different words for different contexts, pronouns in chinese are much simpler.

可以 wo3 ke3 yi3: I can
! shi4 wo3: It’s me!

See? Same word in two different contexts, replacing both ‘I’ and ‘me’ cleanly.

可以 ni3 ke3 yi3: You can
! shi4 ni3: It’s you!

Okay~ It is equilvilent in the case of ‘you’.

可以 ta1 ke3 yi3: He can
! shi4 ta1: It’s him!

可以 ta1 ke3 yi3: She can
! shi4 ta1: It’s her!

Note that in chinese, “he” and “she”, or “him” and “her” is pronounced the same way, as ta1. Therefore sometimes in long conversations and we are mentioning several people in the convo, we have to insert the names frequently to make the conversation clear.

New Vocabulary

  • wo3 I, me
  • ni3 you
  • ta1 he, him
  • ta1 she, her
  • 可以 ke3 yi3 can
  • shi4 am, are, islisten